Artificial intelligence: an asset or a threat?

Merci !

Annales corrigées
Classe(s) : 1re Générale - 1re ST2S - 1re STI2D - 1re STL - 1re STMG | Thème(s) : Scientific innovations and responsibility - Scientific innovations and responsability
Année : 2020 | Académie : Sujet zéro

Scientific innovations and responsibility

ANGLAIS

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Scientific innovations and responsibility

Artificial intelligence: an asset or a threat?

compréhension de l’écrit et expression écrite

1 h 30

20 points

Intérêt du sujet • Selon les adversaires de l’intelligence artificielle (IA), les robots seraient une réelle menace pour l’humanité. L’IA est-elle la future ennemie de l’être humain ou sa plus sûre alliée ?

DocumentTech billionaires Zuckerberg and Musk battle it out for AI

Two of the world’s richest and most intelligent men are arguing about the future of artificial intelligence (AI).

Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg are locked in a very public feud over artificial intelligence.

Musk has repeatedly warned about the dangers of AI, describing it as a potentially existential threat to the human race.

Zuckerberg has a different take. On Sunday, he took questions live over the internet while barbecuing beef brisket at his backyard in Palo Alto, California. He responded to a question about Elon Musk’s warnings by saying he was tired of the fear-mongering.

“With AI especially, I’m really optimistic,” Zuckerberg said during the live broadcast. “I think that people who are naysayers and kind of try to drum up these doomsday scenarios – I just, I don’t understand it. I think it’s really negative and in some ways I actually think it is pretty irresponsible.”

Musk shot back on Tuesday morning with a tweet saying, “I’ve talked to Mark about this. His understanding of the subject is limited.” He added that a movie on the subject of AI was “coming soon,” but didn’t provide details about the film or his involvement.

Musk ignited a global discussion on the perils of AI in 2014. He predicted that humans might be doomed if we make machines that are smarter than us. He said in a recent interview that his warnings haven’t been heeded.

Musk, who’s leading space exploration projects and major tunneling initiatives, is now trying to develop AI that he hopes will have a positive impact on humanity. He’s heading up a startup that intends to build devices to connect the human brain with computers.

Zuckerberg is no stranger to AI. He worked last year on developing an artificial intelligence system to help run his life and his home. After about 100 hours of work, he posted a video at the end of 2016 showcasing an AI system called Jarvis, which is voiced by the actor Morgan Freeman.

In his broadcast, Zuckerberg said AI could be a force for good because it helps power self-driving cars and diagnose illnesses. “If you’re arguing against AI, then you’re arguing against safer cars that aren’t going to have accidents. And you’re arguing against being able to better diagnose people when they are sick. I just don’t see how, in good conscience, some people can do that. I’m just much more optimistic on it than probably a lot of folks are,” Zuckerberg said.

“In the next 5-10 years, AI is going to deliver so many improvements in the quality of our lives,” he added.

Musk, who has been warning about intelligent robots causing massive job losses and potentially gaining uncontrollable autonomy, responded to Zuckerberg after a social network user posted the tech billionnaire’s comments.

Musk, founder of a space company, says humans have to consider colonising other worlds and even merging with machines to maintain the upper hand over robots that “will be able to do everything better than us”.

Adapted from http://mydigitalfc.com (The Financial Chronicle),

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Compréhension de l’écrit 10 points

Answer the following questions in English, using your own words.

1. After reading the text, what can you say about:

a) the main topic of the text?

b) The people involved?

c) Their opinions on the topic?

2. Comment on the following paragraph and explain Musk’s feelings on the topic:

“Musk says humans have to consider colonising other worlds and even merging with machines to maintain the upper hand over robots that ‘will be able to do everything better than us’.”

Expression écrite 10 points

Vous traiterez en anglais l’un des deux sujets suivants au choix. Répondez en 120 mots au moins.

Sujet A

You participate in a science competition: “The perfect robot”. Participants must create a robot that will improve people’s lives. The winner will receive $10,000 to build a prototype. Write a speech to present your idea of the perfect robot to the jury.

Sujet B

Who do you agree most with? Why?

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Les clés du sujet

Compréhension de l’écrit

Comprendre le document

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Préparer sa réponse à la question 2

Lisez attentivement et plusieurs fois la citation. Relevez les mots et expressions clés qui vous permettront de comprendre les intentions et les sentiments d’Elon Musk.

Gardez en tête l’opinion d’Elon Musk (que vous avez notée dans la réponse précédente) : contrairement à Mark Zuckerberg, il est inquiet à propos du développement de l’IA et insiste sur ses dangers.

Expression écrite

Sujet A

Key ideas. You have to write a speech, delivered in front of a jury: start addressing the jury (before the other members of the audience). Find strong arguments to convince them in order to win the competition of “the perfect robot”.

A few tools. Organise your speech: you can start by explaining the different tasks your robot is able to perform, then show why it can improve people’s lives and make the world a better place to live.

Sujet B • Key ideas and a few tools

Tableau de 2 lignes, 2 colonnes ;Corps du tableau de 2 lignes ;Ligne 1 : If you agree with Mark Zuckerberg; You are optimistic about the future of AI; you will focus on its successful examples and improvements.Intelligent robots are developed to improve people’s lives and help the human race in many different fields: medicine (ex: robotic surgical systems), transports (ex: autopilots), everyday life (ex: smart personal assistants).Thus, AI means progress: why should anybody go against progress?; Ligne 2 : If you agree with Elon Musk; You are more pessimistic and cautious about AI; you fear it may cause many problems to human beings in the future.Most of these issues have been long-standing concerns. They have already been tackled in dystopian fictions where robots eventually gain control over humans (ex: Terminator; I, Robot; 2001, A Space Odyssey...).That is why a good legal framework (cadre juridique) is essential to avoid these problems in the future: laws must be defined and implemented to regulate AI and its development before it is too late.;