Education in India

Merci !

Annales corrigées
Classe(s) : Tle STI2D - Tle STMG - Tle ST2S - Tle STL - Tle S - Tle ES | Thème(s) : L'idée de progrès
Type : Écrit LV2 | Année : 2012 | Académie : Inédit
Unit 1 - | Corpus Sujets - 1 Sujet
 
Education in India

Séries technologiques • LV2

Corrigé

18

Idée de progrès

angT_1200_00_09C

Sujet inédit

Séries technologiques • LV2

Text 1

The youngest headmaster in India

At 16 years old, Babar Ali must be the youngest headmaster in the world. He’s a teenager who is in charge of teaching hundreds of students in his family’s backyard, where he runs classes for poor ­children from his village. Babar Ali’s day starts early. He wakes, pitch­es in with the household chores, then jumps on an auto-­rickshaw to the Raj Govinda school. The school is the best in this part of West Bengal.

Babar Ali is the first member of his family ever to get a proper education. “It’s not easy for me to come to school because I live so far away,” he says, “but the teachers are good and I love learning. And my parents believe I must get the best education I can get.”

Raj Govinda school is government-run so it is free, all Babar Ali has to pay for is his uniform and his books. Many poor families can’t afford to send their children to school, even when it’s free.

Chumki Hajra has never been to school. She is 14 years old and lives in a tiny hut with her grandmother. Their home is simple. Inside there is just room for a bed and a few possessions. Every morning, instead of going to school, she cleans the homes of neighbours. “My father is handicapped and can’t work,” Chumki tells me. “We need the money. If I don’t work, we can’t survive as a family. So I have no choice but to do this job.” But Chumki is now getting an education, thanks to Babar Ali.

At four o’clock every afternoon after Babar Ali gets back to his family home a bell summons children to his house. They flood into the yard behind his house, where Babar Ali now acts as headmaster of his own school. Standing on a podium, he tells them about discipline, then the study begins. Babar Ali gives lessons the way he has heard them from his teachers.

He was just nine when he began teaching a few friends as a game. Now his afternoon school has 800 students, all from poor families and there are 10 teachers at the school, all like him, students at school or college, who give their time voluntarily. Babar Ali does not charge for anything, even books and food are given for free, funded by donations. The school has been recognized by the local authorities. It has helped increase the literacy rate in the area and Babar Ali has won awards for his work.

Adapted from bbc.co.uk, October 12th, 2009.

Text 2

Smile Foundation

Every day hundreds of starry-eyed poor people from villages of India land up in big cities along with their families in search of green­er pastures. Poverty due to lack of suitable employment then often forces these poor people to push their children into work where these innocent little ones end up being sexually exploited, employed in brothels, hotels and domestic work.

Some courageous ones however have it in them to change the course of their destiny. Smile Foundation, a national level development organisation working for the education and health of underprivileged children in 21 states of India, has always encouraged and provided support to such individuals through its various projects.

Rajbeer Singh is one such adolescent who was struggling for a meagre existence by washing and cleaning in lieu of food and stay. His longing for education made his kind-hearted employer put him in a government run school.

As luck would have it, Rajbeer came to know about Smile Twin e-Learning Projects (STeP) aimed to provide marketable skills to unemployed underprivileged youth across the country. He promptly got enrolled in one of the STeP centres run by Smile Foundation in Delhi. His never-say-die attitude and a strong desire to excel got him instant recognition by the faculty of the centre.

Rajbeer toiled hard to learn English, computer skills, personality development, retails etc. The faculty at the STeP centre also worked diligently on his personality to groom him into a presentable young man. Rajbeer after the completion of training got placed in one of the leading retail stores called Westside Stores. Rajbeer in less than two months of service at Westside stores has bagged ‘Employee of the Week’ award twice.

Adapted from Smile Foundation,
http://smilefoundationindia.org/rajbeer.htm

COMPRÉHENSION

Text 1

1 Write down the correct answer.

The text is an extract from:

1. a travel guide.

2. a press article.

3. a personal diary.

4. a report by a non-profit organisation.

2 Choose and write down Babar Ali’s 4 daily activities.

1. He helps with the tasks at home.

2. He repairs rickshaws.

3. He goes to school.

4. He collects money.

5. He goes back home.

6. He plays with his friends.

7. He sells food on the street.

8. He shares his knowledge.

3 Chumki Hajra is Babar Ali’s:

1. teacher.

2. pupil.

3. grandmother.

4 Say whether these statements are right (R) or wrong (W) and justify by quoting the text.

1. Babar Ali doesn’t stay in bed late in the morning.

2. Babar Ali started his activity when he was 16.

3. Other teenagers help Babar Ali in his initiative.

4. Babar Ali is making a profit thanks to his initiative.

5. More and more people have learnt to read and write
thanks to this initiative.

Text 2

1 Write down the correct answer.

The text is an extract from:

1. a travel guide.

2. a press article.

3. a personal diary.

4. a report by a non-profit organisation.

2 Say whether these statements are right (R) or wrong (W) and justify by quoting the text.

1. Large cities attract poor people from Indian villages.

2. Children have a privileged life in large cities.

3. Smile Foundation trains people to improve
their work efficiency.

4. Smile Foundation has several centres in India.

3 The following statements are right. Justify by quoting the text.

1. Rajbeer Singh is poor.

2. Rajbeer Singh was helped by his boss.

3. Rajbeer Singh is a strong-willed young man.

4. Rajbeer Singh now has a job.

Both texts

1 Fill in this grid by ticking the right boxes.


gives education.






goes to a government-run school.






has a free schooling.






has been rewarded.






has to pay for uniform and books.






has to work for a living instead of going to school.






helps poor children.






is poor.







Babar Ali


Chumki Hajra


Rajbeer Singh


Smile

2 Find in both texts a total of 3 expressions referring to the need for and effects of good education.

3 In your own words, compare the three young people present in both texts (50 words).

EXPRESSION

> Choose one of the following subjects. (150 words)

1 Babar Ali writes a letter to the Prime Minister of India to ask for help and support in his initiative. Imagine this letter.

2 Smile Foundation advertises itself in a text on the back of this photo.


Texte 1

L’auteur

La BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) est la plus grande société médiatique de diffusion au monde. Elle existe depuis 1922 et est basée à Londres. Elle regroupe notamment plusieurs chaînes de télévision nationales et régionales (BBC1, BBC2…), ainsi que plusieurs stations de radio.

Pour en savoir plus : http://www.bbc.co.uk/

Le thème

Babar Ali, 16 ans, Indien vivant au Bengale, poursuit ses études dans une école située assez loin de chez lui, malgré les frais que sa famille très modeste doit supporter. Lorsqu’il rentre chez lui, c’est pour faire classe dans sa cour, où il enseigne aux enfants qui ne peuvent aller à l’école. Son action, qui fait probablement de lui le plus jeune directeur d’école au monde, a ouvert le chemin et d’autres enfants viennent à présent, comme lui, transmettre à de moins chanceux ce qu’ils apprennent.

Vocabulaire utile à la compréhension

Headmaster, l. 1 (principal, proviseur) ; to pitch in, l. 4 (mettre la main à la pâte) ; rickshaw, l. 5 (pousse-pousse) ; government-run, l. 12 (d’État, public, administré par le gouvernement) ; to afford, l. 14 (avoir les moyens de) ; to summon, l. 24 (appeler, convoquer) ; literacy rate, l. 35 (taux d’alphabétisation).

Texte 2

L’auteur

Smile Foundation India est une ONG indienne fondée en 2002, dont le siège se situe à New Delhi, et dont l’objectif est d’aider les enfants défavorisés du pays. Elle agit dans les domaines de l’éducation et de la santé.

Pour en savoir plus : http://smilefoundationindia.org/

Le thème

Poussées par la pauvreté, de nombreuses familles indiennes quittent les campagnes pour essayer de trouver en ville des moyens de subsistance. L’une des conséquences est l’exploitation des enfants, qui doivent travailler dans des conditions difficiles, parfois même en se prostituant. Le texte donne l’exemple du jeune Rajbeer Singh, qui subsistait grâce à des petits travaux de nettoyage. Très désireux de s’instruire, il a eu la chance d’être inscrit dans une école publique par son employeur, puis d’être repéré par la fondation Smile. Cette fondation, fort intéressée par sa motivation, lui a permis de suivre une formation grâce à laquelle il a maintenant un vrai emploi. Il a même été récompensé pour la qualité de son travail.

Vocabulaire utile à la compréhension

Brothel, l. 6 (maison de passe) ; longing, l. 14 (fort désir) ; as luck would have it, l. 16 (par chance) ; skills, l. 17 (qualifications, compétences) ; to toil, l. 22 (travailler dur, peiner) ; to groom, l. 24 (former).

Les points de convergence

L’instruction apparaît comme l’unique moyen de sortir de la pauvreté en Inde. Les personnages présentés dans les deux textes (Chumki et Rajbeer) sont de jeunes Indiens très pauvres, obligés de travailler pour subsister ou aider leur famille à subsister, et qui essaient à côté de suivre des études, ce qu’ils parviennent à faire grâce à la générosité soit d’une personne (Babar Ali, dans le texte 1) soit d’une institution (Smile, dans le texte 2).

Le sujet d’expression 1

Pistes de recherche

Babar Ali pourra commencer sa lettre en résumant son action (l’occasion pour vous de montrer que vous avez compris le texte, sans toutefois le recopier), puis il expliquera ce dont il a besoin. La cour où il a organisé son école semble être devenue bien petite, et le gouvernement pourrait l’aider à financer la construction de locaux (utiles en période de mousson !) et l’achat de petit matériel, à prendre en charge l’organisation des diplômes… Il pourra utiliser comme argument la notoriété que lui apporte la publication d’un article sur le site de la BBC.

Vocabulaire utile

Monsoon (mousson) ; grateful (reconnaissant) ; to pave the way (ouvrir la voie) ; to attend school (aller à l’école) ; to provide with (fournir en).

Le sujet d’expression 2

Pistes de recherche

Il s’agit de rédiger un court texte promotionnel, en vous basant sur l’action de la fondation Smile telle qu’elle est décrite dans le second texte. Précisez donc que cette organisation non gouvernementale a une action éducative et sanitaire au bénéfice des enfants défavorisés sur l’ensemble du pays, qu’elle offre une formation adaptée aux besoins de la société moderne, comme l’indique la présence d’ordinateurs sur la photo. Vous pourrez aussi souligner le bonheur procuré par là-même aux enfants, illustré par le sourire des deux élèves, et mentionner les résultats positifs pour l’obtention d’un travail régulier par la suite.

Vocabulaire utile

Computer-Aided Teaching (Enseignement Assisté par Ordinateur) ; non-profit organisation (organisme non lucratif) ; NGO (ONG) ; at grassroots level (au niveau local) ; to target (cibler) ; to sensitize (sensibiliser) ; to promote (promouvoir) ; to implement (mettre en place) ; to train (former).

Corrigé

COMPRÉHENSION

Text 1

12. The text is an extract from a press article.

21. He helps with the tasks at home.

3. He goes to school.

5. He goes back home.

8. He shares his knowledge.

32. Chumki Hajra is Babar Ali’s pupil.

41. Right: “Babar Ali’s day starts early” (l. 4).

2. Wrong: “He was just nine when he began teaching” (l. 29).

3. Right: “there are 10 teachers at the school, […] all, like him, students at school or college” (l. 31-32).

4. Wrong: “Babar Ali does not charge for anything” (l. 32-33).

5. Right: “It has helped increase the literacy rate in the area” (l. 35).

Text 2

14. The text is an extract from a report by a non-profit organisation.

21. Right: “poor people from villages of India land up in big cities along with their families in search of greener pastures” (l. 1-3).

2. Wrong: “where these innocent little ones end up being sexually exploited, employed in brothels, hotels and domestic work” (l. 5-6).

3. Wrong: “to provide marketable skills to unemployed underprivileged youth” (l. 17-18).

4. Right: “one of the STeP centres run by Smile Foundation” (l. 19).

31. “was struggling for a meagre existence” (l. 12-13).

2. “made his kind-hearted employer put him in a government run school” (l. 14-15).

3. “his never-say-die attitude and a strong desire to excel” (l. 20).

4. “got placed in one of the leading retail stores called Westside Stores” (l. 25-26).

Both texts

1


gives education.


T. 1 (l. 28)




T. 2 (l. 8-9, 16-17)


now goes to a government-run school.


T. 1 (l. 12)





has a free schooling.



T. 1 (l. 21-22)




has been rewarded.


T. 1 (l. 36)



T. 2 (l. 27-28)



has to pay for uniform and books.


T. 1 (l. 13)





has or had to work for a living when not going to school.



T. 1 (l. 14-16)


T. 2 (l. 12-13)



helps poor children.


T. 1 (l. 30)




T. 2 (l. 9-10)


is poor.


T. 1 (l. 8)


T. 1 (l. 16-17)


T. 2 (l. 12-13)




Babar Ali


Chumki Hajra


Rajbeer Singh


Smile

2 Text 1, l. 35: “It has helped increase the literacy rate in the area”.

Text 1, l. 11: “my parents believe I must get the best education I can get”.

Text 2, l. 7-8: “to change the course of their destiny”.

Text 2, l. 25-26: “Rajbeer after the completion of training got placed in one of the leading retail stores called Westside Stores”.

3 They all go to school, although Babar teaches Chumki after school hours. They want a good education to rise above poverty. Rajbeer is the luckiest one of the lot, with his efficient training at STeP’s. They all get help: Babar from his parents, who have to pay for his studies, Chumki from Babar, and Rajbeer first from his employer, then from Smile.

EXPRESSION

1 Guidelines

Dear Sir,

Let me introduce myself: my name is Babar Ali, I am a sixteen-year-old student and I live in a small village in West Bengal. My parents work hard to save the money to send me to Raj Govinda school, and as the eldest of my family, I am proud to pave the way for my younger brothers and sisters. For seven years now, when I come back home from school, I have been teaching my fellow villagers who cannot attend school because they have to work. I am writing because there are more than 800 kids now in my school, and we need your help. Even though we get funds to provide the school with food and books, we really need a solid structure, particularly during the monsoon, and more room. We would be very grateful if you could help us.

Best regards,

B. Ali

2 Guidelines

You can’t imagine children who don’t smile. And you can’t imagine under­privileged children without Smile to help them.

At Smile Foundation we consider that initiatives have to be taken atgrassroots level to give health care and a proper education to children who can’t afford to go to school. Being an NGO we have set up our own schools to train children we have targeted for their strong motivation for studying. We are a non-profit organisation, so all the funds we receive from donations from individuals or corporate companies are spent on the children. In our centres we have implemented modern educational techniques, such as Computer-Aided Teaching Indian children need us, but we need you to sensitize privileged citizen as well as mass media to promote our action all over our country: the way to a proper education is the way to take one’s own destiny in one’s own hands.