Food waste

Merci !

Annales corrigées
Classe(s) : Tle STI2D - Tle STMG - Tle ST2S - Tle STL | Thème(s) : Lieux et formes du pouvoir
Type : Écrit LV2 | Année : 2018 | Académie : Afrique


Afrique • Juin 2018

Séries technologiques • LV2

Food waste

document 1 Stories of starving children in rich United States

Sarah is three years old. She and her six-year-old brother, Bryce, are inseparable except when it’s time for him to visit the summer food program that provides meals at a school near his Ohio home for children who otherwise would go hungry. Sarah is too young to make the trip. One morning after Bryce had his fill of food for the day he made a detour before heading home. He walked to the trash cans and began rummaging1 through food others threw away. Winnie Brewer, the Food Services Supervisor in Marion City schools, noticed the little boy and tapped him on the shoulder to ask why he was sifting2 through the garbage. “My little sister,” he explained, “she’s hungry.” Bringing her leftover food was the only way he knew to help.

“We run into a lot of situations where kids will come and say they have younger brothers or sisters at home,” Brewer says. “They always want to know if they can take something back.” After Brewer spoke with Bryce, staff members followed him home with a care package for little Sarah. This was a temporary solution to a huge problem Brewer worries about every day.

There is no excuse for any child in America to go hungry and malnourished in the richest nation on Earth. Yet child hunger is a widespread, urgent and shameful problem that cannot wait.

Adapted from www.foodwise.com, January 30, 2016.

1. Rummaging: searching. 2. Sifting: picking.

document 2 So much food, so much waste

In wealthy countries, one reason for increasing food waste is the change from a rural farming life to an urban non-agricultural life. We are becoming increasingly separated from our food. We don’t trust our noses any more to tell us when food has gone bad. Consum­ers are obsessed by the appearance of their fruit and vegetables, so the greengrocers have to throw out “imperfect” produce. In the supermarket, sometimes the packages of food are too large for us to eat it all, again leading to wasted food.

Sometimes we let the food rot in the fridge, because we chose to eat in a restaurant, not at home. In restaurants we order huge meals, which we leave half eaten. But wastage also happens in fast food restaurants. For example, in McDonald’s, the unsold chips have to be thrown after seven minutes, and the burgers after twenty minutes. About 10% of all fast food is thrown out after it has been cooked.

But on the positive side we can reduce the waste. We can shop more wisely. We can learn to know when food has actually gone bad. We can buy fruit or vegetables even if they have tiny spots and finally we can only cook what we need.

By the year 2050, the world’s population will be about 9 billion people. If we keep on wasting food at the same level as we do today, and if we want to feed everybody, we will have to produce 70% more food. So if we stop wasting food, our job will be easier.

This brings to mind the wonderful quote attributed to Ghandi: “Live simply so that others may simply live.”

Dr Karl Kruszelnicki, adapted from www.blackstarnews.com, 2015.

compréhension 10 points

Document 1

1 Choose the best title for the text.

1. Raising awareness on food waste.

2. Dealing with the issue of child hunger.

3. Creating summer programs for children.

2 Say if the following statements are true or false. Justify with a quote from the text.

1. An Ohio school offers meals to children all year long.

2. Both Bryce and Sarah have access to the program.

3. Bryce looks for food in the trash can for his sister.

4. Bryce’s situation is quite common.

3 Explain in your own words how Brewer and his team helped Bryce and his sister. (20 words)

4 Choose the best adjective to qualify the journalist’s opinion on the issue. Justify with 2 quotes from the text.

1. Optimistic

2. Critical

3. Neutral

Document 2

5 Fill in the blanks with words from the text and copy the sentence on your paper.

We …… too much …… today in …… countries.

6 Choose the correct ending and copy the complete sentence on your paper.

1. Food portions are bigger so…

a) we are no longer connected to farming.

2. Health standards are strict in fast food restaurants so…

b) food has to be consumed quickly or it is dumped.

3. Buyers pay attention to what food looks like so…

c) people cannot finish their meals.

4. More and more people live in cities so…

d) shopkeepers get rid of damaged fruit and vegetables.

7 Which statement best sums up the author’s vision of the future if we don’t change our habits?

1. Obesity will become a major global problem.

2. Throwing food away will no longer be an issue.

3. Feeding the world’s population will be harder.

8 Rephrase the suggestions made by the author to limit the problem.
(about 30-40 words)

Documents 1 and 2

9 Do the following titles correspond to

document 1?

document 2?

documents 1 and 2?

1. The food gap in rich countries.

2. Providing help for the poor in rich countries.

3. The paradoxical situation concerning food in rich countries.

4. The excesses of the consumer society.

expression 10 points

Choose one of the following subjects (150 words)

1 You work as a journalist for the website foodwise.com. Write an article to give practical advice and information on what we can do to reduce food waste.

2 Do you think that our consumer society and modern lifestyle gene­­­r­ate too much waste?

Les clés du sujet

Document 1

La source

Foodwise.com est un site éducatif visant à promouvoir la réduction des déchets alimentaires, s’inscrivant ainsi dans le développement durable.

Pour en savoir plus : www.foodwise.com

Résumé du texte

L’été, dans l’Ohio, un programme alimentaire permet de nourrir les enfants de milieux défavorisés. Bryce, 6 ans, bénéficie de ce programme mais sa sœur est trop jeune pour se rendre au lieu de rendez-vous. Le petit garçon a donc décidé de fouiller les poubelles sur le chemin du retour afin d’apporter de quoi manger à sa sœur. Cette situation est décrite comme honteuse dans un pays aussi riche que les États-Unis et les organisateurs ont mis en place une solution provisoire pour aider la petite fille.

Vocabulaire utile à la compréhension

Provide (l. 3) : fournir ; otherwise (l. 4) : autrement ; fill (l. 5) : ration ; trash cans (l. 6-7) : poubelles ; garbage (l. 10) : les ordures ; leftover (l. 11) : les restes ; widespread (l. 21) : très répandu ; shameful (l. 21) : honteux.

Document 2

L’auteur

Le Dr Kruszelnicki est un physicien d’origine suédoise qui anime des émissions de vulgarisation scientifique en Australie.

Pour en savoir plus : www.drkarl.com

Résumé du texte

Dans notre société de consommation, on a tendance à jeter beaucoup de nourriture, ce qui risque de poser problème à l’avenir, avec l’accroissement de la population mondiale. L’auteur de l’article propose quelques pistes pour réduire ce gâchis : se fier à ses sens plutôt qu’aux dates de péremption, limiter les déchets alimentaires dans les restaurants…

Vocabulaire utile à la compréhension

To trust (l. 4) : faire confiance à ; to rot (l. 9) : pourrir ; wisely (l. 16) : avec sagesse ; tiny spots (l. 17) : des petites taches ; level (l. 20) : niveau.

Les points de convergence

Les deux documents abordent le problème du gaspillage alimentaire, le premier en soulignant le contraste entre la surconsommation et la pauvreté de certaines catégories sociales des pays riches, le second en proposant des pistes de réflexion pour réduire ce gâchis dans la perspective d’économiser et de partager une alimentation de plus en plus nécessaire pour l’humanité.

Le sujet d’expression 1

Une direction possible

L’article peut commencer par un constat sur le gaspillage alimentaire, avant de proposer des pistes comme : dépasser de quelques jours les dates de péremption, fabriquer un livre de recettes à partir de restes, établir des menus avant de faire les courses pour n’acheter que des produits qui vont être cuisinés rapidement, congeler les excédents de plats cuisinés…

Key ideas

Make a recipe book in order to know what to do with leftovers. Make menus to plan the ingredients you require. Freeze.

Le sujet d’expression 2

Une direction possible

La société de consommation qui s’est développée à partir du xxe siècle a poussé les individus à s’équiper en biens pas toujours indispensables, ou encore à usage unique. L’obsolescence programmée de certains appareils (comme les téléphones, les imprimantes...) participe à ce gâchis généralisé. D’où certains événements comme le « Buy Nothing Day » dans les pays anglo-saxons ou scandinaves, qui vise à lutter contre la société de consommation en refusant d’acheter quoique ce soit – l’inverse, en quelque sorte, du « Black Friday » !

Key ideas

Single-use objects are designed to be thrown away at once, which gener­ates waste and has a negative environmental impact. “Buy Nothing Day” is a moment when you can show your opposition to overconsumption by refusing to purchase anything.