Expression orale • Littérature anglaise
▶ Présentez le thème des « mondes imaginaires » à travers la littérature gothique.
Nous ne reproduisons ici que des extraits significatifs de chaque document.
Retrouvez les documents complets sur Internet grâce aux liens fournis.
document 1 Frankenstein, Mary Shelley (1818)
Vous pouvez lire l’intégralité de ce roman en consultant le lien suivant : bit.ly/shelley_novel
document 2 The Oval Portrait, Edgar A. Poe (1842)
Vous pouvez lire l’intégralité de cette nouvelle en consultant le lien suivant : bit.ly/poe_text
document 3 It, Stephen King (1986)
He put on speed, and for a moment he thought he would catch the boat. Then one of his feet slipped and he went sprawling, skinning one knee and crying out in pain. From his new pavement-level perspective he watched his boat swing around twice, momentarily caught in another whirlpool, and then disappear.
“Shit and Shinola!” he yelled again, and slammed his fist down on the pavement. That hurt too, and he began to cry a little. What a stupid way to lose the boat! He got up and walked over to the stormdrain. He dropped to his knees and peered in. The water made a dank hollow sound as it fell into the darkness. It was a spooky sound. It reminded him of—
“Huh!” The sound was jerked out of him as if on a string, and he recoiled. There were yellow eyes in there: the sort of eyes he had always imagined but never actually seen down in the basement. It’s an animal, he thought incoherently, that’s all it is, some animal, maybe a housecat that got stuck down in there—
Still, he was ready to run—would run in a second or two, when his mental switchboard had dealt with the shock those two shiny yellow eyes had given him. He felt the rough surface of the macadam under his fingers, and the thin sheet of cold water flowing around them. He saw himself getting up and backing away, and that was when a voice—a perfectly reasonable and rather pleasant voice—spoke to him from inside the stormdrain.
“Hi, Georgie,” it said.
George blinked and looked again. He could barely credit what he saw; it was like something from a made-up story, or a movie where you know the animals will talk and dance. If he had been ten years older, he would not have believed what he was seeing, but he was not sixteen. He was six. There was a clown in the stormdrain.
Vous pouvez lire l’intégralité de ce roman en consultant le lien suivant : bit.ly/king_novel
Les clés du sujet
Dans le corrigé, nous aborderons le thème des mondes imaginaires sous l’angle de la littérature gothique à partir d’un dossier intitulé Imaginary worlds: Gothic fiction et comportant les documents suivants :
le début du chapitre 5 de Frankenstein de Mary Shelley (1818) ;
la nouvelle The Oval Portrait d’Edgar A. Poe (1842) ;
un document personnel : un extrait de It de Stephen King (1986).
Le gothique se caractérise principalement par une atmosphère oppressante (des personnages monstrueux ou menaçants, un cadre angoissant…), qui vise à faire naître la peur chez le lecteur. Comment l’idée de transgression, commune aux trois documents, contribue-t-elle également à susciter ce sentiment ?