British schools and universities

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British schools and universities

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1Public education

State schools are free (gratuites) and co-educational (mixtes).


primary school

(age: 5-11)


secondary school

(age: 11-18)


examinations


infant school

(age 5-8)


comprehensive

school

or

grammar school

(high academic

standards; rarely

co-educational)


age 16: gcse

(General

Certificate

of Secondary

Education)

age 18: A-levels

(General

Certificate

of Education

Advanced Level)


junior school

(age 8-11)

Secondary school is from year 7 (sixième) to year 13 (upper 6th) (terminale). 85% of secondary schools are comprehensive(polyvalentes, non-sélectives).

2Private education

Public schools are independent, private, extremely expensive.


age: 5-13

age: 13-18


preparatory school + common entrance exam

public schools

 They provide education for 5% of the population, mainly boys, though there has been a recent trend (tendance récente) towards co-education.

 The most famous public schools are Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Charterhouse.

notez bien
  • to attend school:fréquenter l’école
  • school-leaving age:l’âge de fin de scolarité
  • a term:un trimestre
  • a school report:un bulletin scolaire

 British universities are independent and self-governing.


undergraduate

course

(3-4 years: licence)


Bachelor of Arts (ba)

Bachelor of Science (bsc)

Bachelor of Law (llb)


postgraduate

studies

(1-3 years: mastère)


Master of Arts (ma)

Master of Science (msc)

Doctor of Philosophy (phd) (doctorat)

Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest universities in Britain. They are a group of separate colleges which enjoy unique social prestige.

Modern universities (Birmingham, Liverpool…) are more like French universities. They are organised in faculties. London university is the largest British university.

Redbrick universities are old established universities.

Edinburgh (Scotland) is famous for its medical faculty.

notez bien
  • a fellow:un chargé de cours
  • a tutor:un directeur d’études
  • a lecturer:un assistant
  • a hall of residence:une résidence universitaire
  • a competitive exam:un concours
  • entrance requirements:le niveau d’entrée
  • to graduate:obtenir un diplôme
  • a don:un professeur d’université (surtout à Oxford et Cambridge)

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