1 Public education
▸ State schools are free (gratuites) and co-educational (mixtes).
age 16: gcse
age 18: A-levels
▸ Secondary school is from year 7 (sixième) to year 13 (upper 6th) (terminale). 85% of secondary schools are comprehensive (polyvalentes, non-sélectives).
2 Private education
▸ Public schools are independent, private, extremely expensive.
preparatory school + common entrance exam
▸ They provide education for 5% of the population, mainly boys, though there has been a recent trend (tendance récente) towards co-education.
▸ The most famous public schools are Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Charterhouse.
to attend school: fréquenter l’école
school-leaving age: l’âge de fin de scolarité
a term: un trimestre
a school report: un bulletin scolaire
▸ British universities are independent and self-governing.
(3-4 years: licence)
Bachelor of Arts (ba)
Bachelor of Science (bsc)
Bachelor of Law (llb)
(1-3 years: mastère)
Master of Arts (ma)
Master of Science (msc)
Doctor of Philosophy (phd) (doctorat)
▸ Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest universities in Britain. They are a group of separate colleges which enjoy unique social prestige.
▸ Modern universities (Birmingham, Liverpool…) are more like French universities. They are organised in faculties. London university is the largest British university.
▸ Redbrick universities are old established universities.
▸ Edinburgh (Scotland) is famous for its medical faculty.
a fellow: un chargé de cours
a tutor: un directeur d’études
a lecturer: un assistant
a hall of residence: une résidence universitaire
a competitive exam: un concours
entrance requirements: le niveau d’entrée
to graduate: obtenir un diplôme
a don: un professeur d’université (surtout à Oxford et Cambridge)