The Middle East: 
a conflictual area

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Classe(s) : Tle ES - Tle L - Tle S | Thème(s) : The Middle East : a conflictual area
Corpus Corpus 2
The Middle East:
a conflictual area

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14

Memorize

Outline

The British influence in the Middle East had been vanishing progressively from 1945 to 1956 (Suez Crisis). Meanwhile the US power was more and more involved. Nowadays, the USA has strong interests in this area even if it tried to pull out of it.

Dates

Countries under influence


British influence


American influence


Egypt

1882-1914: indirectly ruled

1914-1922: British protectorate

1922: independence

League of Nations mandates

Palestine (1920-1948)

Transjordan (1920-1946)

Iraq (1920-1932)

Pakistan

1857-1947: part of the British Indian Empire


Middle East

Turkey (since 1945)

Lebanon (1943-1983)

Iran (1953-1979)

Israel (since 1967)

Jordan (1949-1967)

Saudi Arabia (since 1945)

Kuwait (since 1987)

Greater Middle East

Pakistan (since 1947)

Afghanistan (since 2001)

Characters

Lord Balfour (1848-1930)

Leader of the Conservative Party (1902-1911) and Prime Minister of the UK (1902-1905). As Foreign Secretary (1916-1919), he delivered the Balfour Declaration (1917), a letter to Lord Rothschild in which he stated the government’s support for “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people”.

Osama bin Laden (1957-2011)

Born in Saudi Arabia, he was the founder of al-Qaeda, an Islam­ist organization fighting against the presence of American soldiers in Muslim countries. He claimed responsibility for bombing US embassies in Eastern Africa (1998), a suicide attack on an American warship (USS Cole, 2000), and on New York City and Washington DC (September 11th, 2001).

Mind map

British and American influence in the Middle East


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