Should or would ?

Merci !

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Classe(s) : Tle ES - Tle L - Tle S - Tle STI2D - Tle STMG - Tle ST2S - Tle STL | Thème(s) : Le groupe verbal
Corpus - | Corpus - 1 Fiche
 
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Should ou would ?
 
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FB_Bac_98600_AngT_TT_016

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1Should

Should + verbe permet essentiellement d’exprimer une obligation atténuée, un conseil(>fiche14).

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You should listen to him.

Tu devrais l’écouter.

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Should have + participe passé exprime souvent un reproche.

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You should have told me.

Tu aurais dû me le dire.

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Should + verbe peut également être employé pour exprimer une quasi-certitudepar rapport à une norme.

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This road should lead us to the village.

Cette route devrait nous conduire au village.

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2Would

Would + verbe est fréquent dans l’expression de souhaits ou de suggestions.

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Would you shut the door please?

Pourriez-vous fermer la porte ?

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I wish… would + verbe s’emploie lorsque l’on désire que quelque chose qui ne dépend pas de sa volonté propre se produise.

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I wish he would stop talking!

Si seulement il voulait bien se taire !

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Would est l’auxiliaire du conditionnel employé :

  • dans les propositions principales lorsque la subordonnée comporte if + verbe au prétérit ;
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If you went to London, you would see her.

Si tu allais à Londres, tu la verrais.

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  • dans le discours indirect (équivalent de will au discours direct).
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She said: “I’ll go.” >She said she would go.

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Would + verbe peut également exprimer une habitude passée.

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She would sit for hours waiting for him to come back.

Elle restait assise des heures à attendre son retour.

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